Home   >  
      >   Publication

    Graphene quantum dots mediated magnetic chitosan drug delivery nanosystems for targeting synergistic photothermal-chemotherapy of hepatocellular carcinoma

    Lili Chen , Wenzhong Hong , Siliang Duan , Yiping Li , Jian Wang , Jianmeng Zhu
    Cancer Biol Ther . 2022 Dec 31;23(1):281-293.

    Abstract Conventional clinical monotherapies for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have numerous limitations. Integrated oncology approaches can improve cancer treatment efficacy, and photothermal-chemotherapy drug delivery nanosystems (DDS) based on nanotechnology and biotechnology have piqued the interest of researchers. This study developed an aptamer-modified graphene quantum dots (GQDs)/magnetic chitosan DDS for photothermal-chemotherapy of HCC. The HCC aptamer and the EPR effect of nanoparticles, in particular, enable active and passive targeting of DDS to HCC. GQDs functioned as photosensitizers, effectively moderating photothermal therapy and inhibiting drug release during blood circulation. Magnetic chitosan demonstrated excellent drug encapsulation, acid sensitivity, and tumor imaging capabilities. Proper assembly of the units mentioned above enables precise combined therapy of HCC. This study indicates that DDS can significantly inhibit tumor growth while also extending the survival duration of tumor-bearing mice. The DDS (DOX-Fe3O4@CGA) shows strong synergistic tumor treatment potential, allowing for the exploration and development of novel HCC therapies. Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma; combined therapy; drug delivery nanosystems; graphene quantum dot; magnetic chitosan.