Using Amphiphilic Polymer Micelles as the Templates of Antisolvent Crystallization to Produce Drug Nanocrystals
Abstract Biocompatible and biodegradable amphiphilic polymeric micelles (PLA-CMCS-g-OA) were prepared by surface grafting of oleic acid and polylactic acid onto carboxymethyl chitosan and were used as templates for the crystallization of camptothecin. The camptothecin (CPT) nanocrystals prepared by the novel micelle-templated antisolvent crystallization (mt-ASC) method demonstrated higher crystallinity, narrower particle size distribution, and slower release characteristic than those prepared by conventional antisolvent crystallization (c-ASC) using a high initial concentration and fast addition rate. In particular, the CPT release behavior of mt-ASC products in phosphate buffer solutions presented a pH-responsive characteristic with the increasing release rate of CPT under lower pH conditions. This work confirmed that amphiphilic nanomicelle-templated crystallization was an effective method for preparing drug nanocrystals.